Regional Museum in Olomouc
The beginnings of the Regional Museum in Olomouc date back to 1883, when the Patriotic Museum Society established its own museum as the first Czech museum in Moravia. Today the whole museum collection fund amounts over 1,000,000 items. It comprises of geological, mineralogical, paleontological, zoological, entomological, archeological, numismatic, ethnographical, cartographic, military, medical-pharmaceutical, musical, decorative arts collections, followed by collections dealing with the development of industry, transport, business and handcrafts. The architectonic development of the region is shown in a large collection of topographic graphics, drawing and painting. It is worth pointing out that there is also the collection of historical shot targets, illustrating a. o. the iconography of Olomouc. Literary evolution of the region is documented through literary inheritance in the literary museum archives. The museum´s photographic archives contains about 300,000 negatives. In the lapidarium over 400 unique items are deposited, which document the building´s evolution since the Roman style up to the 19th century. The library with more than 70 000 volumes also takes care of unique collection of 126 manuscripts and 2000 ancient prints.
The permanent exhibitions are situated in the building at náměstí Republiky, No 5 in Olomouc. This building was originally a convent of the order of St. Clara. The first convent was founded here already in the 13th century, but it was rebuilt in the 18th century into a late baroque style. The convent was cancelled in 1781 by the emperor Joseph II as well as others cloisters, which members didn´t engage in care for the ill or in education. In convent´s church the university library was located and the convent´s buildings were used as barracks. Since 1951 these buildings belong to the Regional Museum in Olomouc.
Along the permanent exhibitions there are also two exhibition halls - Northern Hall and Large Hall, where on average 20 exhibitions take place annualy.
Olomouc – Fifteen Centuries of a City
Seven main historical topics combine to make up the story of the city from the 6th century, the harsh early Middle Ages, to the present, the beginning of the 21st century. The incredibly rich history of Olomouc is documented in this new exhibition by a wide range of artefacts, from archaeological finds through monuments of artistic craft and literature to 20th century documentary film, brought to you with modern technology. What is more, the museum’s fine collection allows us to present the most important institutions to have shaped the face of the city down the centuries - provincial, aristocratic and royal institutions, the diocese and chapter, orders of monks, municipal administration and the trade guilds.
The opening part of the exhibition, The dawn of history, is devoted to the Slav settlement of Olomouc and its surroundings from the 6th to 11th centuries.
The second tale, The beginnings of Czech statehood, 12th – 13th centuries, tells visitors of the process of forming the Premyslid Czech state and its church structure.
The age of rise and fall, 1300 – 1450, captures the time of the Hussite Wars, in which Olomouc was a major player in the anti-Hussite opposition, and the world of thought of the like-minded monks of the Carthusian monastery in Dolany u Olomouce.
A period of exceptional development in the city, related to the rise of its political influence under the rule of King Matthias Corvinus and Vladislav Jagellon, is documented in the fourth tale, entitled The crossroads of Europe, 1450 – 1550.
The hero of the fifth tale is The Baroque city, 1550 – 1790, whose appearance was dramatically influenced by the court of the bishops of Olomouc (archbishops from 1777), together with the chapter and Jesuit academy, and the interests of the municipality, the guilds and the army.
The sixth tale tells of the journey of Olomouc From fortification to modern city, 1790 – 1918. The abandonment of the Olomouc fort and the demolition of most of its walls in the second half of the 19th century opened the way for the development of transport, the growth of new trades and the transformation of city planning. It was thanks to this that Olomouc became a modern European city with a pulsating social life at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries.
The seventh and final tale, entitled Modern times, 1918 – 1945, recalls the recent past of the city from the rise of the First Republic to the end of the Second World War.
Nature of the Olomouc Region
The exhibition familiarises visitors with nature in the region, from the lowlands around Olomouc through the mountainous environment of Nízký Jeseník to the alpine terrain of Hrubý Jeseník and Králický Sněžník. There is quite an increase in altitude in this direction, from around 190 metres above sea level between Přerov and Kojetín to 1492 metres at the summit of Praděd. This altitude profile, combined with a complex geographical structure, creates some exceptional natural scenery in the relatively small Olomouc region.
The first part of the exhibition looks at geology, which is very complex in the Olomouc region, the result of processes that took over 800 million years. The complex geological structure resulted in the presence of a relatively high number of mineral and rock types, which were extracted in various places. Indeed five entirely new types of minerals (of the approximate 4500 known types in the world) were discovered for world mineralogy and first described at sites in the Olomouc region. Selected mining artefacts are also on display alongside products of nature. The region’s palaeontology sites, in particular Čelechovice and Stínava, are also important within a European context. Limestone massifs became places in which unique cave systems developed and five such caves are open to the public.
The second part of the exhibition consists of ten scenic pictures with landscape elements, from lowland to alpine environments. These dioramas are arranged against the flow of the River Morava and allow visitors the chance to see the cultural landscape used by humans, various types of forest and the terrain of alpine mountains, including the highest areas above the forest. The main idea is to familiarise visitors with the plants and animals that live in the types of landscape described. This part of the exhibition is mainly for children – here they can clamber into a badger’s den, touch the spines of a hedgehog, pat a sheep, have a look inside a beehive, catch a carp or try out dozens of other games and things from nature.
Interactive elements allow visitors to look at parts of nature from the Olomouc region in detail and try them out, touch them or listen to them. This, together with the use of state-of-the-art technology throughout the exhibition, guarantees that Nature of the Olomouc Region is the most modern exhibition of its type in the Czech Republic.
Endangered Plant Species
This permanent exhibition represents life material of The Seed Bank of Endangered Plant Species of Regional Museum in Olomouc. The bank is connected with both practical and active protection of endangered species and their populations. The bank also contributes toward sustaining the biodiversity in specific habitats where the endangered species occur. The high standards of The Seed Bank of Endangered Plant Species of Regional Museum in Olomouc are maintained through scientific collaboration with academic institutions, state nature conservancy and NGOs.
The permanent exhibition Endangered Plant Species is opened from April the 1st till September the 30th in museum atrium, daily except Monday from 9 a.m. till 6 p.m.
April – September: daily except Monday 9 a.m. – 6 p.m.
October – March: daily except Monday and Tuesday 10 a.m. – 5 p.m.
Full price 60 Kč
Schoolchildren, students, seniors 30 Kč
Family ticket 130 Kč (2 adults and 2 chidren 0-15 years old, or 1 adult and 3 children 0-15 years old)
ISIC – 50 % discount
IYTC (GO25) – 50 % discount
ITIC – 50 % discount